The purpose of this research is to compare the effectiveness of progressive muscle relaxation training, guided imagery and the combination of these two methods on sleep quality and headache coping strategies for women with migraine in Arak city. The statistical population of this study is all women with migraine headaches in Arak city, and a statistical sample of 90 people was selected by simple random sampling from the referrals to 4 private clinics of neurology and psychiatry. Therefore, 30 subjects were placed in experimental group 1 (relaxation), 30 in experimental group 2 (guided imagery) and 30 in experimental group 3 (combination of these two methods), where the subjects were matched in terms of gender, age and education level. The research method was of extended designs of the experimental designs, and a questionnaire was used in addition to using the library method for collecting data. The scales used in this study were 3 scales of sleep quality, pain (migraine) coping strategies and demographics. Inferential statistics (covariance) were used for data analysis; the results showed that progressive muscle relaxation training, guided imagery, and the combination of these two methods had a positive effect on migraine headache coping strategies and sleep quality in women with migraine. There was also a difference in the effectiveness of the two methods of progressive muscle relaxation, guided imagery and the combination of these two methods on the strategies for coping with migraine headaches and sleep quality of these women, and the combined method was more effective than the other two methods separately. The studies of this research concluded that the guided imagery technique focuses on cognitive and emotional components and can be used to improve migraine headaches due to the ability of imagination force of people to initiate, exacerbate or sustain attacks of effective headache, as well as the progressive muscle relaxation increases the parasympathetic cycle activity, which consequently leads to nerve stress neutralizing and ineffectiveness, and this adaptive skill prevents raising its symptoms through breaking the chain of undesirable effects of stress, thereby it can improve the quality of life in migraine patients. Given that migraine is an important health problem, and considering that migraine studies are very limited and little applied research has been conducted in this field, therefore performing a comprehensive study is necessary for developing appropriate strategies.
Manuscript MaintainerAli Asghar Khosrobeygi
- July 3, 2018, 12:53 p.m. - Comparison of the effectiveness of progressive muscle relaxation training, guided imagery and the combination of these two methods on sleep quality and headache coping strategies for women with migraine
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