Fenretinide for childhood DIPG

This Project is based on the following Technology:
  • Fenretinide-carrier complexes with enhanced bioavailability
Tags:
Short Description:

Fenretinide used in childhood DIPG tumors

Long Description:

Abstract

Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Gliomas (DIPGs) are the most devastating of all brain tumors. There are no effective treatments, hence almost all children will die of their tumor within 12-months. There is an urgent need for novel effective therapies for this aggressive tumor. We performed a high-throughput drug screen with over 3,570 biologically active, clinically approved compounds against a panel of neurosphere-forming DIPG cells. We identified 7 compounds - auranofin, fenretinide, ivermectin, lanatoside, parthenolide, SAHA and mefloquine - that were confirmed to have potent anti-tumor activity against a panel of DIPG-neurospheres, with minimal effect on normal cells. Using cytotoxicity and clonogenic assays, we found that these drugs were able to inhibit DIPG-neurosphere proliferation and colony formation in vitro. To determine whether the in vitro efficacy could be replicated in vivo, we tested the activity of each of these compounds in an orthotopic DIPG model. Of the agents tested, fenretinide, auranofin and SAHA were the most active anti-tumor agents, significantly enhancing the survival of tumor bearing animals. Mechanistic studies showed fenretinide enhancing apoptotic cell death of DIPG cells via inhibition of PDGFRa transcription and downregulation of the PI3K/AKT/MTOR pathway. We therefore examined the therapeutic efficacy of fenretinide using a second orthotopic model with PDGFRa amplification. We used two different fenretinide formulations which were found to enhance survival. Fenretinide is clinically available with safety data in children. Validation of the activity of Fenretinide in PDGFRa-amplified or overexpressed DIPGs will lead to the development of a clinical trial, allowing the advancement of fenretinide as potentially the first active therapy for DIPG.

https://academic.oup.com/neuro-oncology/article/23/Supplement_1/i42/6288305
 

Abstract

DIPGs are the most devastating of all brain tumors. There are no effective treatments, hence almost all children will die of their tumor within 12 months. There is an urgent need for novel effective therapies for this aggressive tumor. We performed a high-throughput drug screen with over 3,500 biologically active, clinically approved compounds against a panel of neurosphere-forming DIPG cells. We identified 7 compounds- auranofin, fenretinide, ivermectin, lanatoside, parthenolide, SAHA and mefloquine- that were confirmed to have potent anti-tumor activity against a panel of DIPG-neurospheres, with minimal effect on normal cells. Using cytotoxicity and clonogenic assays, we found that these drugs were able to inhibit DIPG-neurosphere proliferation and colony formation in-vitro. To determine whether the in-vitro efficacy could be replicated in-vivo, we tested the activity of each of these compounds in an orthotopic DIPG model. Of the agents tested, fenretinide and SAHA were the most active anti-tumor agents, significantly enhancing the survival of tumor bearing animals. Mechanistic studies showed fenretinide enhancing apoptotic cell death of DIPG cells via inhibition of PDGFRa transcription and downregulation of the PI3K/AKT/MTOR pathway. We therefore examined the therapeutic efficacy of fenretinide using a second orthotopic model with PDGFRa amplification. We used two different Fenretinide formulations (LYM-X-Sorb and NanoMicelle) which were found to enhance survival. Fenretinide is clinically available with safety data in children. Validation of the activity of Fenretinide in PDGFRa-amplified or overexpressed DIPGs will lead to the development of a clinical trial, allowing the advancement of fenretinide as potentially the first active therapy for DIPG.

https://academic.oup.com/neuro-oncology/article/22/Supplement_3/iii288/6018840


Potential Applications:

DIPG pediatric cancers